Generally not, unless the stepparent has formally adopted the child.

Information relating to a minor child cannot be shared with a stepparent, unless a stepparent formally adopts a child.

Information included within dental records is treated as HIPAA-protected health information. HIPAA permits the disclosure of a child’s protected health information only to a parent, guardian or other individual authorized to make decisions regarding the child’s health care decisions.

Because a stepparent is not generally authorized to make health care decisions for a stepchild, a stepparent may not have access to a stepchild’s dental records absent formal adoption of the child.

However, the parent of a minor child who has the right to view the child’s records can provide a signed written consent to permit disclosure of the child’s dental records to a stepparent via the child’s HIPAA documents.